ASARCO organized as American Smelting and Refining Company. Included in original consolidation were mines and mining claims in Colorado and Mexico. Major plants in consolidation included: Globe by-products plant (Denver, Colorado), East Helena lead smelter (Montana), El Paso lead plant (Texas).
Merged with M. Guggenheim’s Sons. Included in the merger were the Perth Amboy copper refinery (New Jersey) and smelters in Mexico (Chihuahua lead smelter, San Luis Potosi lead and copper smelter, Monterrey lead and copper smelter). Acquired five additional mines in Mexico.
Purchased mining properties in Silver Bell district of Arizona. Copper smelters built in El Paso, Texas, and Hayden, Arizona.
Amarillo, Texas, zinc plant constructed
Corpus Christi, Texas, zinc plant constructed.
Production commenced at Silver Bell, ASARCO’s first open-pit copper mine.
ASARCO was organized in 1899 as American Smelting And Refining Company.
Originally a consolidation of a number of lead-silver smelting companies, the Company has evolved over the years into an integrated producer of copper, and other metals.
The Company is a fully integrated miner, smelter and refiner of copper in the United States.
Significant copper mines include the Mission, Silver Bell and the Ray open-pit mines, all three in Arizona. ASARCO has solvent extraction/electrowinning product at our Ray and Silver Bell mines.
Southern Peru Copper Corporation opened the Toquepala mine and Ilo smelter.
Mission copper mine in Arizona started up.
Mexican mines and plants reorganized as ASARCO Mexicana, S.A., and 51% interest sold to Mexican investors.
Four Tennessee zinc mines purchased.
San Xavier copper mine and leach plant in Arizona started production
ASARCO Mexicana, S.A. reorganized as Industrial Minera Mexico, S.A. and 15% interest sold to Mexican investors reducing equity to 34%.
Corporate name changed to ASARCO Incorporated. Amarillo zinc refinery closed. Amarillo copper refinery commenced production.
Southern Peru Copper Corporation opened Cuajone copper mine.
Industrial Minera Mexico, S.A. (IMM) reorganized. ASARCO owns 34% of Mexico Desarrollo Industrial Minero, S.A., a holding company formed to hold shares of IMM and shares of certain IMM operating subsidiaries.
Modernization of El Paso Plant completed. Eisenhower Mining Company, a partnership of Anamax and ASARCO, began mining the Palo Verde copper deposit located between ASARCO’s Mission and San Xavier copper mines
Hayden copper smelter modernization
Corpus Christi zinc smelter and refinery operations suspended indefinitely. Pima copper mine in Arizona acquired.
Ray copper mine and smelter purchased.
Anamax interest in Eisenhower mineral reserves acquired.
Encycle, Inc. started up waste treatment facility at Corpus Christi.
IMASA Group acquired. 49.9% interest acquired in copper mining business of Montana Resources, Inc. ASARCO announces decision to end involvement
in coal mining. ASARCO announces board approval to expand copper facilities at Mission and Ray mines and El Paso smelter.
Expansion of Mission mine completed.
Expansion of Ray mine completed. ASARCO becomes a fully integrated copper producer
Modernization of El Paso smelter completed
Acquisition by Southern Peru Copper Corporation of Ilo Refinery. Underground operation at Mission mine announced. ASARCO and Coeur d’Alene Corp. form Silver Valley Resources, Inc
ASARCO purchases an additional 10.7% interest in SPCC, increasing holdings to 63%; consolidates results. SPCC starts SX/EW facility at Toquepala. New sulfuric acid plant started at SPCCs Ilo smelter
ASARCO announces construction of a new mining and SX/EW facility at Silver Bell mine.
Silver Bell solvent extraction/electrowinning facility started. ASARCO sells shares in Grupo Mexico, S.A. de C.V. for $323 million. Expansion program started at SPCC’s Cuajone mine; to increase mine’s production 50%.
ASARCO celebrates a century of operations as American Smelting & Refining Company. ASARCO suspends operations at El Paso, Texas copper smelter. ASARCO closes its Black Cloud Mine in Colorado
Grupo Mexico Sells American Limestone Company to CSR America for $211M. Grupo Mexico Forms Americas Mining Corporation (AMC) to include ASARCO, SPCC and Minero Mexico, to be headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona.
ASARCO suspends operations at East Helena, an original M. Guggenheim facility. ASARCO suspends operations at the Tennessee Mines Division. ASARCO reduces mine production at Mission by 61 percent.
ASARCO reduces mine production at Mission to 15% of total capacity.
ASARCO sells its interest in SPCC to AMC
ASARCO files Chapter 11 Proceedings for five non-operating, dormant subsidiaries. ASARCO files Chapter 11 Proceedings on August 10th..
ASARCO closes the Globe (Denver) High-Purity Metals plant; the last of the original M. Guggenheim facilities.
Sterlite Industries Agrees to Purchase ASARCO for $2.6 Billion; later withdraws bid
ASARCO Emerges from Bankruptcy and Re-integrates into Grupo Mexico